There are 3 themes in “To Kill A Mockingbird” that one must understand. First is
Perspective which is taught to Scout, a child who by nature is very naïve and
is not aware of other people’s perspective on certain topics. Courage is
another theme that Scout learns from his father, when an old lady died sober
after living as a morphine addict for her life. The law is also a theme that is
visited many times throughout the book with the case between Tom Robinson and
Bob Ewell, the verdict of the case may teach one that the law could’ve be
flawed at the time in the 1930’s. Although the quotes that will be discussed
are applied to specific situations, “To
Kill A Mockingbird” teaches very important lessons that can be applied in
everyday life through the character “Scout”.
Perspective is a theme that Scout learns when
her father, Atticus Finch, teaches her the importance of perspective so one
could view how others may look at something. Here one can see how Finch gives
his advice to Scout, “First of all,” he said, “if you can learn
a simple trick, Scout, you’ll get along a lot better with all kinds of folks.
You never really understand a person until you consider things from his point
of view … until you climb into his skin and walk around in it.” (Chapter
3) Atticus Finch. Ever since Scout’s father gave that advice, Scout with
difficulty, slowly begins to change. This was after Scout got her teacher mad after
she said Burris Ewell hurting her feelings wasn’t so bad. One could see Scout
put this advice into action when one sees her living her life trying to
understand people better and feeling pity or sympathy for them. At the end of
the novel, Scout views how Boo Radley sees the world and finally fully understands
what his father taught her through his lesson by observing Boo’s perspective after
Boo had saved her.
theme that is taught to Scout is the theme of Courage. At the time of Mrs.
Dubose passing, Jem thought that Mrs. Dubose was just a cranky old lady, but
Atticus Finch taught both Scout and Jem that Mrs. Dubose was struggling with a
terrible morphine addiction, something that is not easy to get rid of
naturally. One can see here how Atticus wanted to teach both of his children
the pain that Mrs. Dubose was going through and how much courage and bravery
she must’ve had to go through such an experience until her eventual passing.
The courage that Mrs. Dubose demonstrated was something real, a courage that
was accompanied with major pain. “I wanted you to see what real courage
is, instead of getting the idea that courage is a man with a gun in his hand.
It’s when you know you’re licked before you begin but you begin anyway and you
see it through no matter what. You rarely win, but sometimes you do.” (Chapter
11) Atticus Finch. One can see here how passionate Atticus is towards
explaining how brave Mrs. Dubose was for trying to give up her addiction, even
though Mrs. Dubose would always speak out in an offensive manner towards
Atticus. A man with a gun may look brave and full of courage but ultimately,
it’s just an appearance of courage and not a true form of courage.
law is a theme that was visited frequently throughout Harper lee’s novel “To Kill A Mockingbird”. One first hears
of the law when learning that Scout’s father, Atticus Finch, is a lawyer. He is
dealing with a case between Tom Robinson and Mayella Ewell. The Ewells are claiming
that Mr. Robinson raped Mayella and in the 30’s, slavery was still alive and in
the great depression, slaves were often treated worse. Discrimination was huge
factor when it came to this case; black individuals were always to blame at the
time and this was no exception. Scout and her brother are welcomed to the black
balcony as they know that Atticus is fighting a black man, Scout at this stage is
still learning the true meaning of perspective, a theme formally discussed about.
Atticus Finch fought hard to win over courthouse and even drove Mayella to a
point of a questionable breakdown, this was very surprising to the everyone
present in the court and Atticus almost won over the judge. When Atticus was talking about the justice
system that was used at the time, he stated that every man, no matter race
should be treated equally, one could see this in the following quote. “Our
courts have their faults, as does any human institution, but in this country
our courts are the great levelers, and in our courts all men are created equal”.
Atticus said this with great passion but to no avail, the jury still
decided that Tom was guilty of his actions and Atticus failed at defending Mr.
Robinson. Unfortunately, the law which is represented in this novel is a theme
that is often broken such as this particular case.
conclusion, Lee’s novel “To Kill A
Mockingbird”, One can see how Scout changes throughout all these various experiences.
She learns the true meaning of courage from the lesson taught by Atticus when she
learns of the passing of Mrs. Dubose. Scout also slowly learned the meaning of perspective
and finally understands it when she is saved by Boo Radley and realizes how he views
the world. Scout finally learns how the adult world isn’t always fair and she learns
about the true harshness of discrimination that the law at the time presents. The
quotes shown here were applied to specific situations but taught us lessons that
are used in everyday life and one may get to see how our young protagonist, Scout,