Religion
tends to be followed by many citizens but may be interpreted differently
amongst many people in societies. The Kite Runner, written by Khaled Hosseini, illustrates how
individuals may hurt others with their own personal choices and beliefs. The
book portrayed how the characters were divided into two major sects in
Afghanistan, the Hazara’s and Pashtun’s. The culture classified the nation into
two groups which described the society’s way of living. When distinguishing
between the two major castes, being a Pashtun meant that their respect and
pride is valued and is kept with them. However, being a Hazara meant the people
are from a lower class who are treated with hate and are unaccepted for their
standard way of living. Although the two sectors follow the same religion and beliefs,
one’s action may result in chaos due to their individual opinions and class of
society. The Kite Runner by Khaled Hosseini illustrates justice and
injustice often stems from personal choice, not necessarily from institutions.

        The Kite
Runner illustrates how Baba’s relationship with Amir is different when compared
to Hassan. Amir and Hassan are both considered to be a part of diverse groups,
the Hazara’s and Pashtun’s. The book depicted how Baba sees more qualities Hassan
as a successful individual than his own son, Amir. This is because Baba’s thoughts
reflect and alters his beliefs being expressed in the story when comparing Amir
and Hassan.

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“Self-Defence has nothing to do with the
meanness. You know what always happens when the neighborhood boys tease him?
Hassan steps in and fends them off. I’ve seen it with my own boys. And when
they come home, I say to him, ‘How did Hassan get that scrape on his face?” And
he says, “He fell down.’ I’m telling you, Rahim, there is something missing in
that boy Amir. (Chapter 3, page 18)

I mean that. He needs someone
who…understands him, because God knows I don’t. But something about Amir
troubles me in a way that I can’t express. It’s like…”I could see him
searching, reaching for the right words. He lowered his voice, but I heard him
anyway.” (Chapter 3, page 18)

        This
quote clearly expresses how the relationship of Baba is differentiated between
Hassan and Amir. Baba sees more potential in Hassan than his own son Amir
because of the desire to approach certain tasks in a manly-type manner. In the
following context, Amir is eavesdropping Baba who is having a conversation with
Rahim Khan. “Amir troubles me in a way that I can’t express” quotes how Baba
feels very concerned with Amir and worried about whether he will succeed as an individual
afterwards. This internally effects Amir because he believes he has no value
and brings his self-confidence down due to his father, Baba, being displeased
with Amir’s lack of quality being a successful individual like Hassan. However,
Baba praises Hassan as quoted, “Hassan steps in and fends them off.” This quote
expresses how Hassan has the abilities which Amir lacks in himself.  Throughout the text, Amir was given many
chances by Baba to redeem himself to prove his father wrong that Amir will succeed
eventually in different scenarios. However, Amir and failed to do so countless
times to prove Baba wrong. Injustice is being expressed towards Amir because it
comes from Baba’s personal choices and beliefs, not from institutions.

       Assef severely rapes Hassan for refusing to
give up the kite when Amir successfully wins the overall Kite tournament. Amir
was disturbed and shook with what he was witnessing. Assef, a Pashtun, believes
in chaos and violence. In the following context, he severely rapes Hassan and
mocks Amir for interacting with another Hazara. Amir decides not to do anything
because his personal choices prevented him from intervening. Amir was ambivalent
when it came to making an appropriate decision which was running away from the
situation or interfering in the fight. The following theme illustrates that
Amir’s decision to intervene or not came from personal choices, not from institutions.
Due to this, Hassan was forced to fight alone against Assef and the boys.

“But before you sacrifice yourself for
him, think about this: Would he do the same for you? Have you ever wondered why
he never includes you in games when he has guests? Why he only plays with you when
no one else is around? I’ll tell you why, Hazara. Because to him, you’re nothing
but an ugly pet. Something he can play with when he’s bored, something he can
kick when he’s angry.” (Chapter 7, 106)

“I’ve changed my mind,” Assef said.
“I’m letting you keep the kite, Hazara. I’ll let you keep it so it will always remind
you of what I’m about to do.” Then he charged. Hassan hurled the rock. It struck
Assef in the forehead. Assef yelped as he flung himself at Hassan, knocking him
to the ground. Wali and Kamal followed. I bit on my fist. Shut my eyes.” (Chapter
7, 107)

        Amir’s personal choices led him to do
what’s right, according to him. By not intervening, Amir felt guilt for not
standing up for Hassan. In the book, Hassan had stood up for Amir several times
based off the philosophy that Amir and Hassan are best friends. This incident
illustrates how Amir’s choices had affected Hassan severely. In the following quote,
“before you sacrifice
yourself for him,” shows how Hassan was practically a “ugly pet” who had no value in
society. Amir didn’t stand up for Hassan because he knew Hassan and Amir stood
no chance against Assef and his boys. As Assef was getting ready to harm
Hassan, Amir decided not to intervene which resulted in Hassan getting raped
sternly. Amir’s guilt and betrayal were very significant in the book as it portrayed
how injustice effected Hassan due to his status in the country (Hazara). Furthermore,
the personal choice of an individual comes from his/her deliberation.

       Amir’s betrayal and guilt is expressed as he
decides to take Hassan’s birthday money to put under Hassan’s mattress. Amir’s intention
was to avoid Hassan by allowing Hassan to be accused for stealing money and
Amir’s watch. This will provoke Hassan and Ali to leave the house for falsely
being accused of stealing. Baba always tells Amir that “there is no other act
more wretched than stealing.” Amir believes if Ali and Hassan are caught
stealing, they’d have to face the consequences. Amir’s personal decision illustrates
the injustice that affects the other individuals who are superior to Pashtuns.

” THEY’D
BOTH BEEN CRYING{Ali and Hassan}; I could tell from their red, puffed up eyes. They
stood before Baba, hand in hand, and I wondered how and when I’d become capable
of causing this kind of pain.”

“Baba came right out and asked. “Did
you steal that money? Did you steal Amir’s watch, Hassan?” Hassan’s reply
was a single word, delivered in a thin, raspy voice: “Yes.”

“I flinched, like I’d been slapped.
My heart sank and I almost blurted out the truth. Then I understood: This was Hassan’s
final sacrifice for me. If he’d said no, Baba would have believed him because we
all knew Hassan never lied.” (Chapter 9

       The
decision Amir had made not only affected him, but the lives of two Hazaras (Ali
and Hassan). Amir sensed how “capable” he is “causing this kind of pain.” It
depicts how his own decisions are ones that he regrets and possibly regret for
a lifetime. When Hassan falsely acknowledges that he had stolen the money and
Amir’s watch, Amir senses he’d been “slapped” and his “heart sank.” This
depicted the injustice he created with one decision affecting others around
him. The decision Hassan had made was also significant in the book because it
was a “final sacrifice” for Amir. In the text, Amir recognizes his guilt 20
years later when he has to rescue Hassan’s orphaned son Both Amir and Hassan
had given justice and injustice based off their personal decisions which also
refers to how injustice and justice is based off personal choices, not from institutions.

         Furthermore, the Kite Runner illustrated the
significant ways which religion can divide a nation into two major sects. The Kite Runner written
by Khaled Hosseini, portrayed many examples how injustice and justice can emerge
from personal choices and beliefs. The Kite Runner depicted how the
relationship of Baba is differentiated between Amir and Hassan. The rape of
Hassan by Assef and the betrayal from Amir all came from personal choices, not
from institutions.