Literature
can be interpreted as a references used in various activities in the world of
education or used to describe anything from creative writing to more technical
or scientific works. Literature can also be interpreted as a references used to
get information or materials or scientific sources commonly used to create a
work of writing or any other scientific activity. Literature can be a book. From
a book of a history of English literature, literature is a word with
qualitative implication, not just a neutral term for writing in general.
Without this implication and without a belief on the part of the author that
some qualities of literature are best appreciated when it is presented in the
order in which it appeared.

In
literature, there are some periods such as the age of Chaucer. In the age of
Chaucer, there are some historical happened such as Black Death (the terrible
plague) bringing poverty, unrest, social and intellectual movement, the
corruption of the church. And the literary feature in this period are the first
is the standardizing of English,  the
English language has shaken down to the standard of the east midland speech.,
the language of the capital city and the of the universities. The second is
modern note, the spirit of criticism, interest in man’s affair (the story was
not about religion or king but it was about human), less complement acceptance
of the establish order, the spirit of drama and the age of anonymity is passing
away. The third is prose and the last is Scottish literature.

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The
age of Chaucer, in this period there are some figures like Geoffrey Chaucer
that was famous work in this period. Chaucer names mention by some frequency. Geoffrey
Chaucer has a unique position in the Middle Age period. He was born an ordinary
person, but through reason and clever when judgment of human character. Geoffrey
Chaucer was born in London.  He was a
British poet and also philosopher. He is often referred to as the father of
English Literature. Geoffrey Chaucer wrote many works, but his famous work is about
story of The Canterbury Tales. He is sometimes considered that he the first
author to show the power of English to write literary works and not to use
French or Latin.

Geoffrey
Chaucer married with Philipp who was a lady of the queen of chamber. Chaucer
may also have had a daughter, Elizabeth, and two sons, little Lewis and Thomas.
When he was in Italy 1372 and 1378 he find out the works of Dante and Boccaccio and because
he find that its make the works of Chaucer affecting the literary effort of
Geoffrey Chaucer. Geoffrey Chaucer was sent abroad for a diplomatic mission in
1370 and his last mission took him to Florence and Genoa, Italy and there he
may deepen his poetry.

Geoffrey
Chaucer still in London until twelve years. At the time, Geoffrey Chaucer’s
period is began, which includes the transitional works such as Anelida and Arcite in 1379 and Parlement
of Foules in 1382. Chaucer established residence in Kent, where he was
elected to a peace judge of parliamentarians in 1386. And his wife died. Chaucer
period is consider to begin at this time, marked by the writing the writing of
the general prologue of the Canterbury Tales, though one or two of the separate
tales may be of slightly earlier composition.

The
effect of Geoffrey Chaucer’s poetry is moral, but it is inadequate to describe
Chaucer as a moralist. He is a good listener. Geoffrey Chaucer was called the
“Father of English literature,” because Geoffrey Chaucer wrote in the English
poetry was still being written in Anglo Norman or Latin. Until less than a year
before his death, Chaucer remained Clerk of Works of the Palace of Westminster.
He rented a house in the garden of the Lady Chapel of
Westminster Abbey. After Chaucer death, he was buried in what is now known as
Poet’s Corner in Westminster Abbey.

So, Geoffrey Chaucer
was one of the greatest writers in the age of Chaucer. He was a British poet, philosopher.
The prose in this period sees the foundation of an English prose style earlier
specimens have been experimental. The language is setting to a standard (Latin
and French). French and Latin have amalgamated to form the standard English
tongue, which attains to its first full expression in the works of Chaucer. And
all of his works was affected by the historical background of the age of
Chaucer.