Isabel lambertonMr. WylesJanuary 22, 2018Lord of the fliesCivilization, at its core, was created to suppress barbaric instinct. However, in extreme circumstances, it is possible for the killer instinct to prevail over graciousness. In the book “Lord of the flies” by William Golding, he aimed for the core of human nature, being our predatory instincts, natural selection type behavior when all superior order and power is lost. The idea is that humans are essentially good at heart, unless they are tempted by evil. When free from the rules that adult society formerly impressed in them, the boys dropped on the island, struggle with the conflicting human instincts that exist deep within each of them—the instinct to work toward civilization and order but without a hierarchy to implement the rules the island descends into savagery, violent, and chaotic place. In the beginning of the book when they crash and they find the inhabited island they have to make an adult decision to make everything orderly and into a democracy. When piggy finds a conch Ralph decides it be best for whoever has the conch it shall be their turn to speak and voice their opinions. Having a democracy means that there is one leader (Ralph) and he gives everyone an equal opportunity to help him rule. He shows that he wants society to be disciplined, Ralph demonstrates that he likes to be organized and wants things done in an orderly manner. A democracy’s perk on having freedom of speech helps with improving the civilization because the people have the freedom of giving their opinions. Jack otherwise shows that he yearns for ultimate power and leadership not caring if his decisions impact the other boys. William Golding, shows democracy over dictatorship, is the ideal form of government to produce the most success when building a civilization.Right when the plane crashes the boys go into survival mode trying to stay alive, going into survival mode sometimes means one for all, all for one, so your only worry is keeping yourself alive. After somewhat of a democracy is in place, the boys true colors start to appear. When panic starts to set in all the boys manage it differently, as for Ralph he tries to make everyone at ease and come up with a plan and as for Jack, he immediately starts to act aggressive and blood thirsty. He verbally attacks Piggy every time that he tries to voice his opinions, objectifying him calling him names like “Fatty”. I believe that Jack acts this way because he is trying to be the alpha of the group, even though he is not the “elected leader”. An alpha is an animalistic trait that means whoever is the “alpha” is the leader that people respect, and look up to. Jack is trying to act dominant by scaring his dominance into the other children showing them that since he is mean to Piggy that he is big, strong and powerful and they should listen to him or he will be mean to them.William Golding does not portray the boys’ loss of innocence as a tragedy. Rather, he portrays it as the ”natural” course of events when human desire and psyche are not controlled by the regulations of society. These little boys were placed in a situation where they had no other choice but to grow up, and grow up fast. As the book goes on the boys seem to lose their sense of morals piece by piece their actions justifying the fact that their child like innocence is slipping away. They become more savage and animal like, but this behavior is not completely their fault. As the boys on the island progress from well-behaved, orderly children longing for rescue to cruel, bloodthirsty hunters who have no desire to return to civilization, they naturally lose the sense of innocence that they possessed at the beginning of the novel. They also don’t have a well rounded society to conform them, so the instincts that are coming upon them are not just them being cold hearted and careless its the primal behavior within. So goes to say again that humans are not born coherently evil but, only when tempted by corruption.When the rules of civilization vanish and raw human nature takes over. In Lord of the Flies, Golding argues that human nature, free from the constraints of society, draws people away from reason, toward savagery and barbaric actions. The makeshift civilization that the boys form in the book collapses under the weight of their reckless behavior. Rather than follow rules and work hard, they pursue fun, succumb to fear, and fall to violence. Golding’s underlying argument is that “Human beings are savage by nature, and are moved by primal urges toward selfishness, brutality, and dominance over others”. We can see elements of both sides of the inherently good or inherently evil argument around human nature. Early in the novel, there elements that support the idea that humans are inherently and essentially good people until they are tempted by evil. For example, early in the book, the boys have just been through a heart wrenching ordeal that leaves them stranded on a deserted island without adult supervision or any construct of their society. Yet, they set about replicating that society in a democratic and fair way. But further along in the book when hunting they are chanting without any remorse, “Kill the pig! Cut his throat! Kill the pig! Bash him in!”. The conflict between the civilized and the savage is a ongoing topic throughout the book, also broadly referred to as reason vs. impulse: Ralph represents civilization and Jack represents savagery. Ralph wants to live by rules, act peacefully, follow moral commands, and value the good of the group. Jack on the other hand enjoys to act against the instinct to analyze one’s immediate desires, acts violently to obtain supremacy over others, and enforce one’s will. Even though the boys are in a remote, wild jungle Ralph still acts put together and tries to his best ability to think as an adult and pursue the best possible actions to survive. Jack acts like an animal letting his environment completely morph him into a blood craving antagonist. Golding’s message is that human nature has a wicked side and that without punishments to keep it in check society would degenerate into a barbaric anarchy. The story of a group of boys stranded on an island who must overcome not only the natural difficulties presented by the island but also the difficulties presented by their own inherent human nature. Throughout the novel we witness the gradual decline of the morals of the individual boys and therefore the eventual decline of their constructed society as a whole. William Golding shows specifically that within each person there is a struggle between right and wrong.Sites :″Lord of the flies book” by William Golding