After reviewing the historical
evidence, it is clear that the Anglo settlers’ primary agenda for the South demonstrated
their deeply-rooted cultural ideology and racial sentiments to powerfully
dominate. As it led to a clash cultures, the Anglo settlers and its government
involvement, the deceitful traders and hunters, as well as the resistance and determination
of native Indians, all contributed to causing the Red River War. Though, it was
the culture conflict and the native Indians’ interaction with the Anglo
settlers that cased such destructive hostility. While the Anglos were
determined to conquer and rule, the native Indians were just as determined to
keep their sanctuary and autonomy they had before the Anglo migration.

 

While pushing forward with the
attack on the native tribes, a large number of the northern states related the
native Indians with the freed slaves by advocating an education program to
civilize the native Indians. Although this program was mainly put in place, it
was failed as the native Indians could not trust the majority of Anglos or the
government anymore. After boosting federal protection with state troopers,
Texas Rangers in particular became popular as they had most success in their
defense due to their experienced interaction with hostile native. In the 1870s,
hostility was greater as both sides increased their forces. The U.S. Army
ordered a larger number of troops out with demands to eliminate the native
Indians. Though also during this time, there were a number of native chiefs
that were captured and ordered to trial which helped decrease some threat of some
native tribes as Indians were scared of jail instead of the natural event of
death. Still, after the tribal chiefs were released the death and damage rate
increased against the frontier settlers which forced the U.S. Army to increase
their forces. The Red River War ended in 1875 after all the native Indian
tribes were either massacred or the last southern plain tribe surrendered to
the U.S. Army. While the surrendered native Indians struggled to adapt, the troubling
tribes as well as their poverty proved hard work for the government to control.
Though their interaction with the U.S. Army and Anglo traders increased their
aggression, the end of military presence allowed their anger and confusion to
reduce until some Anglo settlers victimized them and various native Indians. While
there was temporary hostility, various organized groups intervened to support
and educate the native Indians. Although the Red River War was officially over,
the hostility between the cultures continued and more battles were fought until
the time came for the government to help legally recognize native Indians as
citizens.

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Though there was a valuable
number being hunted prior to the settlers, the worryingly increased amount of
buffalo slaughtering, particularly by Anglos, bothered the Indians and caused
more conflict between the two cultures. From the middle of the 1860s, it was the
development of the railroads that invited Anglo settlers to practice mass herd-hunting
with their modern weapons. Though it benefited the market and economy of the
Anglos, the mass slaughters of these buffalos disturbed the cultural heritage
and sanctuary of the native lands and turned into heartless and greedy capitalism.
These animals were not just food for native Indians; not one part of the
buffalo was wasted after the hunt as parts were used for making tools, building
furniture, and even used as medicine. Though they were previously troubled by
the declining numbers of herds, the native Indians became angry when the Anglos
started industrial development in buffalo reserves. With the help of improved
boarder protection, some natives Indians proclaimed spiritual and unnatural
powers which with force scared numbers of Anglo hunters away from the buffalo
lands.  Still, not all Indians tribes were
successful; some native Indians were killed by Anglos to save themselves, who
returned later to continue the mass herd-hunting of buffalos as the Indians fought
with despair to preserve some part of their territory. Though after
experiencing the native Indians’ resistance and determination, the government ordered
troops to defend the settlers of the frontier from the native Indian tribes
from the North to the South plains.  Although
some native tribes pushed prevail, many were killed or scared off by the
defense of the military troops.

 

While the Anglos visualized their
agricultural and modern expansions, the natural open grassland that flourished
with fauna and vegetation as well as native societies was at risk of being
destroyed. With the intentions to use trickery to rule, the white settlers started
negotiations with various tribes by using treaties; each treaty created were
the same but each was adjusted to suit the current situation. Though, their
sentiments were clear to the native Indians particularly as promised territory
like Texas was unionized and hence legally unnegotiable by the Commissioner of
Indian Affairs. Though the U.S. president was called to solve disagreements, the
tribes were forced to be paid to give up areas of land for the U.S. government’s
development and in the end they were force into reserves. Due to the war ending,
the government became more motivated to develop the native lands that the
tribes became reluctant to give up and continued to negotiate with more
treaties. Some details of the treaties of the 1860s stated that the tribes could
still hunt on some of their old territories, on the condition that they would learn
to adapt to the new Anglo-world that was being developed. Although, this was
clearly impossible for the tribes to do as their fauna, particularly the
buffalos, and vegetation were now disturbed and their horse, as well as other
treasures, were stolen by a number of Anglos. While members of various tribes were
either hesitant or refused to comply with the treaties, some assaults were made
on tribes in areas near Anglo-settlers and both communities were affected. These
forceful native tribes were already familiar with western weaponry since the migration
of Anglo settlers, as they would purchase it from unlawful white-traders who profited
from the exploitation of various trades. Though there were some restrictions,
the government was not forceful enough towards quickly putting a stop to the trafficking
and preventing a predicted Indian War. With deep-rooted racial sentiments and disregard
of the truth, the U.S. General ordered his troops and allied tribes to declare
war and attack various tribes. Though some natives were victorious when groups
of troops were separated, hundreds of Indians were murdered and communities destroyed
in the Red River War of 1874 with few peaceful tribes that were lucky enough to
survive.

 

After the Civil War, the relationship
between the Anglo-settlers and the native tribes declined when the Anglos invaded
the native land with the determination to civilize and dominate. During the 1860s
and 1870s in particular, the events that led to the brutal ceasing of native territories
portray the social, economic, and political impact on both native and immigrant
cultures. The United States Army’s campaign against the native Indian tribes and
the Red River War prove as significant contributions to Southern History and creating
the New South. The Anglo settlers’ primary agenda for the southern native
Indians displayed the deeply-rooted cultural ideology and racial sentiments to overthrow
and rule people and land that led to a clash cultures.