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Noor
Ul Ain Ansari

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 UNIT 1

Background
to Interior Design

ASSIGNMENT
A

 

 

INTERIOR
DESIGN

Interior design is the art of designing the room or
building for particular purpose.

There are seven elements of interior designing which
includes:

·      
Space

·      
Light

·      
Form

·      
Texture

·      
Colour

·      
Furniture

·      
Objects

             

SPACE

Space planning is the essential
component of the interior design. An ideal space planning makes huge variations
to where you work or live. Earlier, specific rooms are designed for specific
purposes, but nowadays a room can be multifunctional too. For example, kitchen
is designed in such a way that it is not only a cooking area but also have
dining area. In a similar way, bedrooms are designed in such a way to make
space for dressing room. Space planning includes floor mapping. With a floor
map, you’ll be able to estimate the space. This wil help you to choose most
suitable furniture according to the size of the room.

LIGHT

The major component of interior design is light. The lighting
in a home changes the mood of a room. There are many purposes of lighting such
as to carry out our tasks comfortably or for our safety to see things in light.
Good lighting ensures a warm and effective atmosphere in your home. Lighting is
an important tool in interior design as it affects the way we see colours and
texture. Hence, selecting the right type of lighting in interior design help
you to attain beautiful functional interiors. Natural lights from windows, open
doors give freshness to your home with ultimate beauty.

There are a number of artificial
lightings to create a room with beautiful interiors.

·      
Ambient lighting

·      
Accent lighting

 

AMBIENT LIGHTING

Ambient lighting enhances the glow of the room. This can be
shown by lanterns and wall sconces.

 

ACCENT LIGHTING

Accent lighting is used to highlight the architectural features
of a house such a walls, floors, furniture and wall arts in a room, halogen
spotlights and table lamps can create accent lighting.

 

 

 

FORM

Form means shape, an outline of 3D
object in a space. It can be created by combining two or more shapres with the
help of other elements such a colour, texture and patterns. Scale and
proportion in interior design refer to different things. Scale refers to how an
item is related to the size of the room whereas, proportion refers to the shape
of an item and how it is connected to other parts of the room. A good
understanding about the elements of space and line is  required to achieve a good form.

(scale)

(proportion)

This image shows a large artwork on the
wall behind the table would focus the eye and improve the proportions of the
room.

 

 

TEXTURE

Texture is a surface quality of a
material. Every surface has a texture, it may be rough or smooth, flat or
irregular. Our conception of textures are also influenced by textures of
surfaces, wall coverings as well as lighting. For example, rough surfaces are
more textured to smooth surfaces. In commercial interior design, texture is
applied using tiles, wall coverings, carpeting and other graphic elements.

 

This image is a wonderful example of
using texture, contrast and warm colours to turn a huge space into cosy and
comfortable area.

 

 

COLOUR

Colour is an important feature for
interior design. A well planned space can be enhacned by using suitable
colours. Coloures used for home interiors are depending on the choice of owner.
In hospitals, there are generally blue and white colour which indicates
loyalty, trust and cleanliness. However, bright colours such as red, pink,
orange and yellow are for restaurants and clubs targeting young crowd.

Colour
schemes may vary from shining bright to a boring dull atmosphere. The colours
used in interior designing have influence on the atmosphere of the room. For
example, a bedroom needs very calming and relaxing so white, black or brown
could be used. Black teamed with red and white is always a stunning and
eye-catching colour combination.

Whereas,
living room has to be exciting and entertaining so yellow, green, purple
colours could be used to show enthusiasm and knowledge.

 

 

Green is
also calm and relaxing, it could also look great in the kitchen because of its
freshness.

 

FURNITURE

Furniture is
an industrial design product. This component is very important when designing a
space. Furniture should be useful, if it doesn’t meet your needs, it won’t last
long in your house. Interior designers focus on the purpose of the furniture,
its flexibility and size that can accommodate their clients. Old and modern
ideas are mixed to enhance interior design and adds attractive and nostalgic
feelings to the room decorated with both antique and modern furnishings. It is
stylish to combine vintage furniture, decoration accessories with the modern
architectural interior design ideas.

 

 

 

 

 

Carved wood
and patina with large chandeliers make modern interior décor look like more
visible, impressive and unique.

 

 

OBJECTS

It gives
character to an interior. It includes things like wall art, antiques,
sculptures etc. when decorating with the accessories it is important to keep
the space in mind. For example, to use Victorian heirloom in a minimalist would
be inappropriate. Your accessories should support their environment – not work
against it. Although objects add personality to a space, so the must be chosen
carefully and accordingly with the rest of the furniture.

 

In
conclusion, the end result should be something which looks beautiful and
functional and meets the needs of the clients in perfect harmony.