1.    Recognizes that the term “resource
weaponization” has to be understood, according to the letter send to the UN High Level Panel on
Threats, Challenges and Change (October 11, 2004) by the representatives of the following non-governmental organizations:
Global Witness, Global Policy Forum and World Vision, as “the situation in
where resources have been traded in a way that drives violent conflict and
threatens national or regional security”;

 

2.    Recommends
the implementation of a Livelihood Group
Vulnerability Assessment plan undergone and proceeded by the United Nations
Human Settlement Programme starting 2020 until 2030 which aims to:

We Will Write a Custom Essay Specifically
For You For Only $13.90/page!


order now

a)    Dictate
which communities in the Developing countries are in risk of becoming
not-sustainable livelihood groups, i.e. those groups that use the capabilities,
assets and activities required to make a living in the short and long run;

b)    Analyze
the present quantity and quality of natural, physical and human resources and
the institutions that manage the aforementioned resources;

c)    Draw
attention to the assets that people have rather what they do not have and to
the role of policies, processes and institutions involved in the distribution
of assets;

d)    Establish
a set of goals and objectives, in line with the Sustainable Development Goals
(SDGs), specific to the efficiency needed in the communities that are being
analyzed;

 

3.    Urges
the provision of targeted livelihood support measures by the UN
Development Program, based on the results and conclusions gathered by the above
mentioned Livelihood Vulnerability
Assessment, which would be comprised of, but not limited to:

a)      Coordination
of already in practice and funding of new Livelihood
diversification measures which aim for livelihoods to become increasingly
multi-sectorial, multi-locational (including rural and urban) and
multi-occupational (self-employed and working for third parties), so that
communities in developing countries are less dependent on a single scarce
resource and are less vulnerable to reductions in supply or increases in demand
of these resources;

b)      Supervision
of already-existent and development of new livelihood productivity measures
which improve the efficiency of resource-dependent livelihoods and the amount
of value added to raw goods by agricultural extension, development of inputs
and new technologies and the growth of processing and manufacturing industries;

c)       Development
of new livelihood adaptation programs in partnership with UN Environmental
Programme which aim to adapt livelihoods to declines in resource availability
from long-run consequences of climate change and other natural and non-natural
disasters with policies such as, but not limited to:

                                    
i.       
Augmenting water supply and irrigation systems;

                                   
ii.       
Using approved fertilizers, efficient tillage methods
and other field operations;

                                  
iii.       
Development of funds for reforestation programs

                                  
iv.       
Training on forest fire management and promotion of
agro-forestry;

 

4.    Further
Recommends the creation of the Green Economy Framework Advisory
Board (GEFAB), inside the United Nations Development Program with the
collaboration of the United Nations Environment Programme in order to assure
and promote a green economy framework that guarantees an income growth and
employment based on private and public investments that reduces the loss of
biodiversity, increases resource efficiency, and if necessary, rebuilds natural
capital as a critical economic asset through means such as, but not limited to:

a)    Natural
assets restoration such as:

i.      Selective
Reforestation Programs that improves the quality of the soil and assures a
considerable reduction on biodiversity loss;  

b)    Identify
possible alternatives for the consume of non-sustainable energy resources (e.g.
Charcoal, oil, wood) that diminish resources stress,  minimize the dependence on this type of
resources and can be adopted by national rural development programs;

c)    Guarantee
the protection of the national reserves of natural resources to assure a
sustainable development that do not risk a future development friendly with the
environment;  

d)    Subsidize
eco-friendly organizations that use at least a specific percentage of its
energy resources from sustainable resources in order to promote the use of this
consumption and employment;    

 

5.    Addresses
the necessity of including an environmental and social impact assessment
section in the United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF) papers,
so that there is a proper investigation on the most efficient practices and
policies by Member States to enhance resource equal distribution;

 

6.    Further
urges the United Nations Office for
Disaster Reduction (UNODR) to advise the international and regional
organizations that perform Early Warning Systems (e.g. Continental Early
Warning Systems) to include the analysis of potential conflict hotspots
involving renewable and non-renewable resources inside the aforementioned
systems no later than the second half of 2020;

 

7.    Approves
the establishment of a temporary Panel of experts, formed by a coalition
between professionals from the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP), the
United Nations Development Program (UNDP), the International Court of Justice
(ICJ) and the Committee on Non-Governmental Organizations exclusively devoted
the creation of an international agreement to determine when state and
non-state actors contribute to the weaponization of natural resources,
including recommendations of possible sanctions depending on the gravity of the
situation  as well as to evaluate and
give advice to external agencies on actual cases inside of this category;

 

8.    Endorses
the use of the before mentioned agreement to be a guide for the United Nations
Security Council to be able to understand under what conditions there is a case
of weaponization of natural resources and use this advice to determine the
adequate sanctions depending on the gravity of the case;

9.   
Calls
upon
the UNEP and the UNODR to merge their experience and expertise to establish a
committee on Social Corporate Responsibility for Resource weaponization (SCRRW)
as a commitment to:

a)   
Give
institutional support to actions of social corporate responsibility on the area
of resource weaponization and equal distribution of natural resources;

b)   
Coordinate
the actions of NGO´s foundations and other organizations on the area of
supporting emergency livelihood through means such as, but not limited to:

i)             
Standard
life-saving interventions in the form of general food distribution and
selective feeding programs;

ii)            
Public
health intervention;

iii)           
Training
of new and more efficient agricultural and energy production methods;

 

10.  Takes note of the necessity of increasing the capacity for local
level mediation as a way to improve the preventative diplomacy regarding cases
of resource weaponization with means such as, but not limited to:

a)   
Providing
platforms for dialogue and information-sharing between livelihood groups that
share natural resources;

b)   
Selective
and general trainings on the importance of the strategic use of shared natural
resources as a measure for cooperation and trust-buildings between diverse
communities coordinated by UN Environment Program and provided by specialized NGOs
on natural resources (e.g. Natural Resources Defense Council);

c)   
Supporting
mediation, in regional, inter-regional and international conflicts, directly, with
the UNODR, or through third parties supervised by the United Nations nearest
head quarter;

d)   
Establishing
a healthy and secure methods to denounce perceived violations of the fair
distribution of resources with means such as, but not limited to:

i)             
Internet
platforms;

ii)            
The
use of UN agencies facilities to send and register these violations;

 

11.  Strongly
recommends the creation of an international binding treaty that
assures an equitable resource access that analyzes the degree of vulnerability
to access of natural resources besides its involvement in the levels of
socio-economic inequality, in addition to the national public policies with the
aim of improving equitable resource access and poverty reduction;

 

12.  Further
endorses the creation of the Natural Resources Protection
Committee (NRPC) formed by a representative of each Member State from the
General Assembly and a panel of Experts from the UN Development Programme and
the UN Environment Programme to improve the oversight and protection of natural
resources during conflicts by:

a)    Recommending
an International Plan of Action for Conflict Resources (IPACR) in collaboration
with the World Trade Organization (WTO), which includes possible sanctions that
can be adopted by the United Nations Security Council, exclusively devoted to
the tracking of international trade of conflict resources,

b)    Strengthen
updated legal processes to promote new legal international mechanisms that
controls the targeting of potential deployment  of natural resources or ecosystem during
conflict,

c)    Redacting
a highly detailed report analyzing the experience and success of the role of
the United Nations in the resolution of natural resources conflicts as well as
further recommendations on its work and an international agreement on the
aspects that determines a conflict resource;

 

13.  Emphasizes
the importance of addressing natural resources as a main part of conflict
resolution and peacebuilding, as in many occasions the sharing of natural
resources has been fundamental  for a
resolution  and therefore it is essential
that parties involved in a mediation process are provided with the sufficient
information to make coherent decisions, by:

a)    Improving
the transparency in mediation legal processes that assure an equitable and
legitimate recognition on the property rights;

b)    Enhancing
the United Nations competency to provide useful and specialized information and
resources, as well as its capacity to propose a big scope of recommendations
guaranteeing a successful result for all parties in the mediation process;

c)    Establishing,
in case it is necessary, United Nations Peacekeeping Missions in order to
monitor the extraction and exploitation of natural resources in conflict zones,
in addition to the national public services, as a way to controls and reduce
the trade of conflict resources;

d)    Enabling
specialized non-governmental organizations such as Global Policy Forum or
International Peace Academy to give advice in the mediation processes as a
third party which is not directly involved in the conflict;

 

14.  Endorses
the creation of an International Commission on Peacebuilding (ICP) formed by
representatives from the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development,
the United Nations Peacekeeping and the United Nations Environment Programme
exclusively devoted to the monitoring of the complete and secure fulfillment of
the aforementioned clause in order to assure a positive resolution of the possible
conflicts;

 

15.  Requests to
remain seized on the matter.