What is the use of Special Police? Why do people decide to become part-time police officers? Are auxiliary police officers effective?
Auxiliary police are special kinds of regular police forces, which serve as their reserves. Most often, this kind of the police consists of volunteers and interested people who want to help the regular police forces maintain peace and security in the streets of the native cities.
Many countries embody the policy of auxiliary police in order to improve their law enforcement institutions. I will pay attention to the analysis of auxiliary police in different countries.
Nearly every developed country is able to boast of its Special Police. Most often, the work of these police officers does not differ from the duties and responsibilities of the regular police officers.
They can be armed and unarmed and they are able to use their weapon in case of a tense situation. In some countries, auxiliary police officers do not receive weapon, because they are supposed to be common people or volunteers who do not have the right to possess arm. Next, an auxiliary police officer does not receive money for his work. Nevertheless, some countries provide their officers with the financial reward for their duty. Special Police officers are able to make arrests if a crime occurs in their presence.
Moreover, they can make arrests if other officers inform them about the personality of a criminal. In simple words, auxiliary police is a reserve of the regular police, but their responsibilities and powers are limited. Most often, such police officers increase the quality of the regular police. Although they are not always armed, they make an impression of omnipresence of the police. Criminals are afraid of committing a crime, because they know that a police officer is always nearby.
When we speak about the USA, the powers of the auxiliary police officers differ from state to state. For example, in Illinois, they have the same duties and responsibilities as the regular police officers. In New York, these officers are unpaid and unarmed. Consequently, their production is not very high. They move with the help of bicycles or police cars and make an impression of the omnipresence of the police.
In Virginia, Special Police officers provide people with security at various local events. In New Jersey, their role is to assist the regular officers and patrol the streets. In some countries, like South Korea, auxiliary police consist of the young men, who decide to serve in the police instead of the army. There is the obligatory military duty is the country, therefore, young people have this choice. In other countries, like Mexico, Special Police officers fulfil the role of the security police who guard public buildings, stations and airports.
The phenomenon of auxiliary police is quite old. The UK, Germany and Spain introduced their own variants of Special Police in the first of the 20th century. Such countries as Nazi Germany and the USSR had their own types of auxiliary police, which were aimed at the maintenance of security in the streets of every settlement. Their additional task was to find any political opponents who tried to oppose the totalitarian regimes of both countries. It is interesting that the members of this police were common people and spies who tried to collect information about the surrounding people. Doubtless, auxiliary police were the most dangerous forces of Nazi Germany and the USSR, because they spread fear and suspiciousness in the crowd.
In my opinion, the auxiliary police officers are very helpful for the improvement of peace and security in the streets of every city. It is reasonable to involve volunteers and common people into the field of law enforcement. Although their duties and opportunities are limited, they are able to reduce the rates of crimes in their small native towns and big cities.